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Patrick Arnold is a synthetic organic chemist best known for his role in creating designer steroids, specifically The Clear, that were used by elite athletes in what became known as the BALCO Scandal. He also introduced the nutritional supplement Andro (androstenedione) and created the class of sports supplements known as prohormones. Arnold also discovered and manufactured several other successful nutritional supplement compounds, such as the controversial CNS stimulant 1,3-DMAA, and more recently was renowned for his contribution in creating the exogenous ketone segment of the nutritional supplement marketplace via his efforts in synthesising a ketone ester, as well as BHB salts in coordination with research performed by Dr Dominic D’Agostino at the University of South Florida.

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